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How Long Do Ants Live? Ant Lifespan

how long do ants live

Did you know that ants can live for up to seven years? That's a long time for an insect that is typically less than a centimeter in length!

Ants are fascinating creatures, and they play a vital role in the ecosystem. In this blog post, we will discuss the life cycle of ants and how they survive in their environment.

We will also explore some of the different types of ants that exist in the world. So, how long do ants live? Keep reading to find out!

What are Ants?


Ants are insects that live inside large colonies and require careful structure to live. Almost all colonies have queens who control their reproduction although some larger ant colonies have more than two queen queens.

Since ants are insects, they are classified according to three groups — head thorax, and abdomen. They also carry two antenna heads and have large compound eye sockets.

Soldiers can use larger mandibles as a defensive tool too. Some species build nests under a plank of wood and may cause damage to the structure.

Ant Lifespan

The average age for an average ant is dependent on many elements and the biggest are: Each caste is unique within the colony and their lifecycle is decided by its purposes.

Nobody should expect a woman to live as long as a queen as the animals have no problems with ant populations and nature thought about everything and so each caste had its lifetime.

Ants are purely for mates and therefore have a life span that is shortest.

Ant Life cycle

The ant life span varies between males and females. If you want some insight into the life of an ant, you should know how they live!

Young Ants (Larvae and Pupae)

ant larvae

When the time comes, the young ant emerges from its egg as small worms known as larvae. This is an essential stage in ant life, causing them constantly to feed from others.

During pupation ant, larvae undergo several stages which grow larger after each pupate. These ant-like pests look much like the ants we have today and also explain how female ants will become queens.

Another important factor that can determine other monarch ant species is the amount of food the ant has received.


ant eggs

Like other pests types, ants have an innate tendency to form egg-laying. Queens produce eggs in colonies, and fertile eggs turn into working ants.

All nonfertile sperm is transformed into male Ants. Male ants live long enough to mate with a queen and then die.

Several days after hatching egg is born depending upon the species. Despite the lack of any other activity in the ant eggs, there is still plenty of other activity in the ant eggs.

Adult Ants

adult ants

The whole thing takes at least three or four months and the majority of male ants have matured longer than their adult age limits.

Ants are destined for a long and successful life path before they are adults. It's probably very cruel, but it's beautiful in nature.

If you've seen ants around your home, you might be hoping that you can outlive them.

Does The Queen Ant Live Longer?

queen ant

The queen ant is the heart of every colony. She is the one who gives life to the entire community by laying eggs. Queens usually only live for a few weeks, laying up to 5 eggs per day.

The queens in a nest are the only ones that reproduce, and queens can live five to 30 times longer than their worker sisters.

The main reason for this is that she does not have to do any of the hard work that her sisters do.

How Long Do Carpenter Ants Live?

carpenter ants

Typically, carpenter ants have a life expectancy of only six to 12 weeks from eggs to adulthood. However, they can live up to 10 months in cold weather conditions.

Because they have a short life cycle, colonies may take anywhere from three to six years to develop.

How Long Do Pharaoh Ants Live?

pharaoh ant

Pharaoh ants are one of the most common types of ants found in households.

Pharaoh ants hatch from eggs and reach adulthood in around 38 days. However, females live much longer than workers--anywhere from 4 to 12 months as opposed to 10 weeks.

Although Pharaoh ants have only one queen, they may relocate their colonies when disturbed.

How Long Does a Black Garden Ant Live?

black ant

The Black garden ant has a life span of around 1 to 2 years, which is quite long for an insect.

This species of ant is found in gardens and on trees, and they build their nests in the soil. They are also known to invade homes in search of food.

See Also: Carpenter Ants vs Black Ants - What's the Difference

How Long Does Pavement Ants Live?

pavement ants

Pavement ants are a species of ants that are commonly found in households across North America.

Their lifespan is 2 years, and they go through a colony cycle that lasts three to 6 months.

How Long Do Fire Ants Live?

fire ants

Fire ants are a type of stinging ant that is native to South America.

The life span for the female worker is about 5 weeks, and they commonly build their nests in the soil. Fire ants are known for their aggressive behavior and their ability to cause serious damage to crops.

How Long Do Ants Live Without Food, Air, and Water

There is very difficult research that shows that ants have a long life span without food, water, or air.

Almost all sources claim ants will live without what to eat for a week, regardless of species.

Some tests have shown how long an insect's life span is without it.

Ants have no lungs, they breathe in small cavities in their body called spiracles, they can not drown in muddy water so there's no easy way to decide the duration.

Read Also: How To Get Rid of  Pavement Ants Naturally

How long can ants live underwater?

Some ants can survive underwater for up to 14 days. The most important point in deciding how long someone can live in water is the temperature of the water.

Lower temperatures will allow for a longer survival time.

How long can ants live away from their nest?

Some species of ants can be on their own for long periods of time away from their nests, but most species will only live for a few days to several months.

The main factor that determines how long an ant can live away from it is the availability of what to eat and water.

How long does a regular ant live?

A regular worker ant commonly has a life span of a week. However, there are some species of ants that can live for up to several years.

The main thing that determines how long an ant lives is the availability of what to eat and water. If an ant has access to a food source, it can live for a longer period of time.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can ants live up to 50 years?

It is unlikely that ants have a lifespan of up to 50 years, as the average life span of an ant is around 5 years. However, there are some types of ants that can live for longer periods of time.

Can ants live for up to 30 years?

The lifespan of queen ants (reproductive females) can reach nearly 30 years in certain ant species, which is remarkable. This is more than 100 times the average existence of solitary insects.

How long do black ants live?

The average life span of a black ant is as little as a few days to as long as 2 years. However, there are some species of these ants that can live for up to several years.

Final Thoughts on how long do ants live

As we have seen how long do ants live, it is evident ant queen lives longer than worker ants in the ant colony. However, there are some species of ants that can live for up to several years.

The main element that determines how long do ants live is the availability of food and water. If an ant has access to a food source, it can live for a longer period of time.

Another factor that contributes to the lifespan of ants is the temperature. Lower temperatures will allow for a longer survival time.

If you have an ant infestation, it would be best to look into pest control methods or call a professional exterminator to get rid of them before they become a problem for you.

About The Author:

Meet Mark Calhoun, a seasoned pest control expert in the realm our pest control company. With over 10 years of dedicated experience and Managing Editor. His primary mission is to furnish you with precise and invaluable DIY insights, ensuring your home remains pest-free while aiding you in distinguishing various household pests.
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